The production of olefins and syngas chemicals (hydrogen, methanol and ammonia) represent two of the most important processes in the petrochemical industry. Conventional production processes for these base chemicals are heavily reliant on fossil fuels as primary energy source and are responsible for a significant proportion of the sector’s GHG emissions. Electrification or the use of renewable electricity to drive chemical processes including conversion, separation, and purification offer a significant potential pathway towards the chemical industry ambition to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. With growing low-cost renewable electricity supply and cost levied on the emissions of CO2, electrification of chemical processes could become an attractive solution in the medium to longer term. This presentation will focus on the options for decarbonisation of the chemical industry via process electrification, latest technological developments and innovations driving the energy transition, major challenges, and possible future directions.